The Taj Mahal in India is an architectural masterpiece and a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its beauty and grandeur. This article explores what lies within this iconic mausoleum, revealing its intriguing secrets and captivating history.


The Taj Mahal is an extraordinary monument located in Agra, India. Built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century, it stands as a testament to love and devotion. While its exterior is celebrated worldwide, the inner realms of the Taj Mahal hold their own wonders waiting to be discovered.

History of the Taj Mahal

To understand what lies inside the Taj Mahal, we must first delve into its history. The monument was commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Construction began in 1632 and took over 20 years to complete. Skilled craftsmen and artisans from across the Mughal Empire were brought together to create this architectural marvel.

Architectural Features

The Taj Mahal’s exterior is a captivating sight, but its inner architecture is equally impressive. The mausoleum is built entirely of white marble, adorned with intricate carvings and delicate inlays of semi-precious stones. Its iconic dome, minarets, and symmetrical design showcase the exceptional craftsmanship of the time.

Gardens and Surroundings

Before entering the Taj Mahal, visitors are greeted by the exquisite Charbagh gardens. These quadrilateral gardens are divided into four sections, symbolizing the four flowing rivers of paradise mentioned in the Quran. The gardens enhance the overall visual appeal of the Taj Mahal and create a serene and tranquil atmosphere.

Interior of the Taj Mahal

As visitors step inside the Taj Mahal, they are greeted by the main chamber, which houses the tombs of Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. The tombs are beautifully adorned with intricate floral patterns and calligraphy. The exquisite marble lattice screens, known as jali, add an ethereal touch to the interior, allowing sunlight to filter through and create mesmerizing patterns.

Artwork and Decorations

The interior walls of the Taj Mahal are adorned with detailed artwork and calligraphy. Persian poems from the Quran and intricate floral motifs can be found throughout the monument. The extensive use of precious and semi-precious stones, such as jasper and jade, further enhances the aesthetic appeal.

Symbolism and Significance

The Taj Mahal is not just a magnificent structure but also carries deep symbolism. It is seen as a symbol of eternal love and devotion. The elaborate geometric patterns, calligraphy, and architectural elements all hold symbolic meanings. The tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, in particular, symbolizes paradise and represents the emperor’s everlasting love for his wife.

Preservation and Restoration

Over the years, the Taj Mahal has undergone several restoration and preservation efforts to maintain its grandeur. Conservation teams have worked diligently to combat pollution, aging, and natural decay. These efforts ensure that future generations can continue to marvel at the splendor of this iconic monument.

Tourist Experience

Visiting the Taj Mahal is a once-in-a-lifetime experience for many. The serene ambience, architectural magnificence, and historical significance attract millions of tourists each year. The Indian government has implemented measures to enhance the visitor experience, including guided tours, multimedia presentations, and improved infrastructure.

Interesting Facts

  • The Taj Mahal changes color throughout the day, appearing pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening, and golden under moonlight.
  • It is believed that Shah Jahan had planned to build a black marble mausoleum for himself, mirroring the Taj Mahal, on the opposite bank of the Yamuna River.
  • The reflection of the Taj Mahal in the pool of the Charbagh gardens creates a mesmerizing mirror image, adding to its enchanting beauty.


The Taj Mahal stands as a testament to love, artistry, and architectural brilliance. Exploring the interior reveals a world of intricate craftsmanship, awe-inspiring artwork, and profound symbolism. The Taj Mahal continues to captivate visitors from around the world, offering a glimpse into India’s rich cultural heritage.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can visitors enter the Taj Mahal’s main dome? No, visitors are not allowed to enter the main dome of the Taj Mahal for preservation and safety reasons.

2. How long did it take to build the Taj Mahal? Construction of the Taj Mahal took over 20 years to complete, from 1632 to 1653.

3. Are there any restrictions for visitors inside the Taj Mahal? Yes, visitors are required to follow certain guidelines, such as removing footwear before entering the main chamber and not carrying any prohibited items.

4. Can visitors take photographs inside the Taj Mahal? Photography is allowed in most areas of the Taj Mahal, but there are restrictions in certain sections to preserve the delicate artwork and decorations.

5. Is the Taj Mahal open to visitors at night? Yes, the Taj Mahal is open for night viewing on specific days around the full moon, offering a unique and enchanting experience.

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